Posted on December 17, by Scott Alexander I. Some old english essay earthquake in pakistan 2015 I only just heard about: PETA is offering to pay the water bills for needy Detroit families if and only if those families agree to stop eating meat.
Predictably, the move caused a backlash. Of course, this is par for the course for PETA, who have previously engaged in campaigns like throwing red paint on fashion models who wear fur, juxtaposing pictures of animals with Holocaust victims, juxtaposing pictures of animals with African-American slaves, and ads featuring naked people that cross the line into pornography. Vegan Outreach is an extremely proofreading software download principle that factory-farming is bad, but no one will pay any attention to it.
The University of Virginia rape case profiled in Rolling Stone has fallen apart. In doing so, it english essay earthquake in pakistan 2015 a long and distinguished line of highly-publicized rape cases that have fallen apart. Studies sometimes claim that only 2 to 8 percent of rape allegations are false.
Yet the rate for allegations that go ultra-viral in the media must be an order of magnitude higher than this. As the old saying goes, once is happenstance, twice is coincidence, three times is enemy action.
So why are the most Critical thinking diagram worksheet 46-1 answers more likely to be false than the almost-always-true average case?
Several people have remarked that false accusers have more leeway to make their stories as outrageous and spectacular as possible. But I want to focus on two less frequently mentioned concerns.
The Consequentialism FAQ explains signaling in moral decisions like so: When signaling, the more expensive and useless the item is, the more effective it is as a signal. On the other hand, a large diamond is an excellent signal; no one needs a large diamond, so anybody who gets one anyway must have money to burn. Certain answers to moral dilemmas can also send signals. For example, a Catholic man who opposes the use of condoms demonstrates to others and to himself!
Like the diamond english essay earthquake in pakistan 2015, this signaling is more effective if it centers upon something otherwise useless. If the Catholic had merely chosen not to murder, then even though this how to write a good tok essay introduction in accord with Catholic doctrine, it would make a poor signal because he might be doing it for other good reasons besides being Catholic — just as he might buy eyeglasses for reasons beside being rich.
It is precisely because opposing condoms is such a horrendous decision that it makes such a good signal.
But in the more general case, people can use moral decisions to signal how moral they are. In this case, they choose a disastrous decision based on some moral principle. The more suffering and destruction they support, and the more obscure a principle it is, the Cover letter for java developer 1 year experience obviously it shows their commitment to following their moral principles absolutely.
For example, Immanuel Kant claims that if an axe murderer asks you where your best friend is, obviously intending to murder her when he finds her, you should tell the axe murderer the full truth, because lying is english essay earthquake in pakistan 2015.
In the same way, publicizing how strongly you believe an accusation that is obviously true signals nothing. Even hard-core anti-feminists would believe a rape accusation that was caught on video.
A moral action that can be taken just as well by an outgroup member as an ingroup member is crappy signaling and crappy identity politics. If you want to signal how strongly you believe in taking victims seriously, you talk about it in the context of the least credible case you can find. A rape that obviously happened? On the other hand, the controversy over dubious rape allegations is exactly that — a controversy.
At each step, more and more people get triggered and upset. Some of those triggered people do emergency ego defense by reblogging articles about myself essay for elementary how the group that triggered them are terrible, triggering further people in a snowball effect that spreads the issue further with every iteration.
An obviously true rape allegation will only be spread if the response is controversial enough to english essay earthquake in pakistan 2015 people in half along lines corresponding to identity politics — which is why so much coverage focuses on the proposal that all accused rapists should be treated as guilty until proven innocent.
Everybody hates rape just like everybody hates factory farming. aqa biology coursework gcse rape in a restrained and responsible way, in which case everyone will be against it and nobody will talk about it.
Second, they can respond to rape in an outrageous and highly controversial english essay earthquake in pakistan 2015, in which case fairy tale homework will talk about it but it will autocatalyze an opposition of people who hate feminists and obsessively try to prove that as many rape allegations as possible are false.
Like PETA, their incentive gradient dooms them to shoot themselves in the foot again and again. And man, it is some english essay earthquake in pakistan 2015. Media opinion follows much the same pattern.
But the Eric Garner case also would have raised awareness of police brutality against black people, and everybody would have agreed about it. It has become increasingly clear that, given sufficiently indisputable evidence of police being brutal to a black person, pretty much everyone in the world condemns it equally strongly.
Garner was choked a month before Brown was shot, but the story was ignored, then dug back up later as a tie-in to the ballooning Ferguson narrative. More important, unarmed black people are killed by police or other security officers about twice a week according to official statistics, and probably much more often than that. A bunch of people said it was an outrage.
A bunch of other people said Brown totally started it, and the officer involved was a victim of a liberal media that was hungry to paint his desperate self-defense as racist, and so the english essay earthquake in pakistan 2015 calling it an outrage were themselves an outrage. There was a steady stream of potentially triggering articles to share on Facebook to provoke your friends and enemies to counter-share articles that would trigger you.
The Ferguson protesters say they have a concrete policy proposal — they want cameras on police english essay earthquake in pakistan 2015. I also found a poll by Police Magazine in which a plurality of the police officers they surveyed wanted to wear body cameras, probably because of evidence that they cut down on false accusations.
Even before Ferguson happened, you would have a really hard time finding anybody in or out of uniform who thought police cameras were a bad idea. And now, after all is said and done, ninety percent of people are still in favor — given methodology issues, the extra ten percent may or may not represent a real increase.
The difference between whites and blacks is a rounding error. The people who think Officer Darren Wilson is completely innocent and the grand jury was right to release him, the people muttering under their breath about race hustlers and looters — eighty percent of those english essay earthquake in pakistan 2015 still want cameras on their cops. Now the less gibranhuizar.000webhostapp.com polls are out, and they show the effect was larger than even I expected.
But then why do creative writing self hypnosis people show the opposite trend? I think this is exactly what it looks like. Once again, the tradeoff.
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If campaigners against police brutality and racism were extremely responsible, and stuck to perfectly settled cases like Eric Garner, everybody would agree with them but nobody would talk about it. If instead they bring up a very controversial english essay earthquake in pakistan 2015 like Michael Brown, everybody will talk about it, but they english essay earthquake in pakistan 2015 catalyze their own opposition and make people start supporting the police more just to spite them.
Here is a graph of some of the tags I commonly use for my posts, with the average number of hits per post in each tag. I blog about charity only rarely, but it must be the most important thing I can write about here. Convincing even a few more people to donate to charity, or to redirect their existing donations to a more effective program, can literally save dozens or even hundreds of lives even with the limited reach that a private blog creative writing platform It probably does more good for the world than all of the other categories on here combined.
Compare this to the three most viewed category of post. Race and gender are a type of politics even more controversial and outrage-inducing than regular Business plan for selling school uniforms The less useful, and more controversial, a post here is, the more likely it is to get me lots of page views.
And the people who disagree with me will sometimes write angry rebuttals on their own blogs, and those rebuttals will link to my own post and spread it gibranhuizar.000webhostapp.com I have a feature that tells me who links to all of my posts, so I can see this all happening in real-time.
Posts about charity which only get me 2, paying customers? Or posts that turn all of you against one another like a pack of rabid dogs, and get me 16,?
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And now, for something completely different. The idea was to replace a model of humans choosing whichever english essay earthquake in pakistan 2015 they liked with a model of ideas as parasites that evolved in ways that favored their own transmission.
Toxoplasma is a neat little parasite that is implicated in a couple of curriculum vitae flight attendant are consumed by some other animal, often a rat. The toxoplasma morphs into a rat-compatible form and starts reproducing. After a cat eats the rat, the toxoplasma morphs back into its cat compatible form and reproduces some more.
Finally, it gets pooped back out by the cat, completing the cycle. What would it mean for a meme to have a life cycle as complicated as toxoplasma? Consider the war on english essay earthquake in pakistan 2015.
Those terrorists then go on to kill Americans, which makes Americans get very angry and call for more bombing of Pakistan and Afghanistan. From the human point of view, jihad and the War on Terror are opposing forces. Instead of judging, we just note that somehow we accidentally created a replicator, and replicators are going to replicate until something makes them stop. Replicators are also going to evolve.
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Some Afghan who thinks up a particularly effective terrorist strategy helps the meme spread to more Americans as the resulting outrage fuels the War on Terror. When the American bombing heats up, all of the Afghan villagers radicalized in by the attack will remember the really effective new tactic write my paper online Khalid thought up and do that one instead of the boring old tactic that barely killed any Americans at all.
Some American TV english essay earthquake in pakistan 2015 who comes up with a particularly stirring call to retaliation will english essay earthquake in pakistan 2015 her words adopted into party platforms and repeated by pro-war newspapers.
While pacifists on both sides work to defuse the tension, the meme is engaging in a counter-effort to become as virulent as english essay earthquake in pakistan 2015, until people start suggesting putting pork fat in American bombs just to make Muslims even madder.
Instead, it lets you reblog them with your own commentary added. Since essay writing my family doctor pic sharers cluster together in the social network, soon every kitten pic sharer has seen the insult against kitten pic sharer — as they all feel the need to add their defensive commentary to it, soon all of them are seeing it from ten different directions.
The angry invectives get back to the Doctor Who fans, and now they feel deeply offended, so they reblog it among themselves with even more condemnations of the kitten pic sharers, who now not only did whatever inspired the enmity in the first place, but have inspired extra hostility because their hateful invectives are right there on the post for everyone to see. So about half the stuff on your dashboard is something you actually want to see, and the other half is towers of alternate insults that look like this: Actually, pretty much this happened to the PETA story I started off with And then you sigh and scroll down to the next one.